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Manguinhos Sketch of Housing complex

The Plan for Growth Acceleration (PAC) was launched by Lula in 2007. The PAC contemplates an investment of around US$260 billion (R$503.9 billion).  A small part of these resources will come from the national budget (PETROBRÁS y ELETROBRÁS); the rest will come from the state and private enterprises. In order to attract private investment the PAC focuses on infrastructural investments (road construction, hydroelectric plants, and ports. Specifically regarding Rio, a substantial par of the PAC focuses 3 major falveas: Rocinha, Complexo Alemao and Complexo Manguinhos. Contrary to the Favela Barrio, which was a program solely administered by the municipality with financial backing and supervision from the IDB, my understanding is that the PAC depends on collaboration between the Rio Prefeitura and the National government (especially regarding the administration).

During my visit to Rio, I was able tovisit the developments in Complexo Manguinhos, where Jauregui is the main designer (in addition to some work done by the Prefeitura and the national state). An improvement from the Favela Bairro is that apart from the basic infrastructure (Black water and rain water drainage, potable water, containment walls in steep slopes, stairs and new pavement) as well as some interventions of public space and equipment (day care center, some commercial spaces, libraries), housing and a larger mobility infrastructure (train or cable-car system) is now an important components of the master plan. In the following links, you can have a look at some of the proposals and descriptions being made by Jauregui:

Complexo Manguinhos:

http://www.jauregui.arq.br/broken_city.html

Complexo Alemao:

http://www.jauregui.arq.br/broken_city.html

A quick comment that I wanted to make is that there seems to be some disconnect between work done by the prefeitura, Jauregui (who is the independent architect working on the Complexos Alemao and Manguinhos) and the state. For example, when speaking to the prefeitura and looking at the specific plans, the area where the other two others actors (Jaruegui and the State) are intervening, are delineated (in gray) but not specified, thus suggesting a lack of acknowledgement and continuity in the designs…

In addition, I would want to know why some of these large investments in the PAC aren’t optimized and used more strategically as part of the city’s the preparation for the Rio World Cup and the Olympics. As of now, the prep plans center on Barra (one of the wealthiest neighborhood), Copacabana and the Center (remember the Porto Maravilha, etc).

In consequence, they disregard the Northern and Western areas, which are some of the most populated and poorly equipped areas of the city, lacking the necessary infrastructure and investment… As the city continues to develop and grow, these areas will begin to weigh down and eclipse the potential improvements and attention that Rio is and will gain in the following years.

Prepping for the Olympics and World Cup, walls are being constructed along the main highways (particularly those connecting the airport) in order to block out the favelas

"MetroCable" in small favela in front of the Ipanema Metro Station

Close up of the Ipanema MetroCable Structure. It seems as though cable systems, in spite of its very high construction costs, are suddenly becoming the image of government interventions in favelas. Although appropriate in certain circumstances, this Favela Chic Intervention should be evaluated carefully so that it is not only a spending but an investment for the ENTIRE city. Visibility , image and representation are in fact important factors, but they are only a small part of the reasoning and evaluation that should be take place...

2 thoughts on “PAC + Future Plans

  1. i love your blog. thank you very much for these good plans and informations. it is a good source for my work in the university of stuttgart.
    i am not sure if i get this right, but i think that this structures in ipanema are elevators connecting the new general osorio station to the favela on the top. this structures should be a kind of an good acessible entrance for the inhabitants to their homes in the top with comercial and institutional areas in the bottom. but also a kind of tourism attraction for the cariocas and tourists because of the astonishing view from there???
    abraco
    guilherme

    • Dear Guilherme,
      Thank you for your comment and for your clarification. I did not see much work being done around the Metro station, but was told my neighbors that the structure was in fact for a cable system, but I take your word for it, and they very much as well be “elevators”. I am not exactly sure what these “elevators” are (they don’t seem to be funiculars/monorails?) but I do agree that they will contribute to a more tourist attraction.
      On a side note, I am very curious at the type of work that you are doing in your university. I will be traveling to Germany around September/October and would love to touch base with you…
      Thank you once again and I look forward to staying in touch,
      Adriana

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